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In The Complete Book of the Dog,
(1922) Leighton seemed to rely again upon James C. Dalgliesh's writings
in Leighton's earlier books. The words will not be repeated here.
However, on page 115 where Leighton discusses the Old English Sheepdog,
"It is not easy to determine the origin of the Old English Sheepdog. The breed is not
quite so ancient as its name would seem to suggest. He has many
points in common with the Russian Owtchar, the largest of the
European shepherd dogs which used often to be brought to England in
the Baltic trading ships. There is the same square build of figure,
the same character of head, and the same deep, crisp coat which
under neglect hangs down in ragged ropes. In general shape, too, he
is not unlike the French sheepdog of La Brie. The Club's description
would seem to suggest that the Poodle and the Deerhound had some
share in his composition. But whatever he came from, our English
bob-tail was established about a hundred years ago, and was
represented in the Southern Counties, notably Dorsetshire, Hampshire
and Wiltshire, as well as Essex, Suffolk, and Wales. A variant of
the breed is known in Scotland, too, as the Bearded Collie, who
differs chiefly by reason that his coat is less woolly and that he
is in possession of a tail, the amputation of which, in the Southern
variety, is a recognized custom in England."